Tal Chhapar Sanctuary
The number of sanctuaries and national parks of Rajasthan seems almost unending; and yet every such diversified ecosystem has something new to offer. Set amidst a backdrop, which resembles a typical savanna, the Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is located in the Churu district of North-west Rajasthan, popularly known as the Shekhawati Region. The sanctuary plays host to one of the most elegant species of antelope, the Black Buck.
The sanctuary, like the Desert National Park, presents a lucid example of a desert ecosystem, situated right at the heart of the Thar Desert. The place attires itself in a habiliment of a tropical grassland or in other words, a typical savanna. The most common bird species found in the region are- Harriers, Eastern Imperial Eagle, Tawny Eagle, Short -ToedEagle, sparrow and many more.
Not only the Black Buck, the Mothiya grass is also a fascinating attraction of this sanctuary, which derives its name from its English translation of pearls. The region is characterized by dry and arid climatic conditions, with scarcity of rainfall.
The sanctuary treasures the most varied forms of avifauna and animal life as well. A visit to the sanctuary is undoubtedly a treat to the eyes.
Sita Mata Sanctuary
Set amidst a landscape of lush and dense vegetation, the Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary juxtaposes diversity and beauty, adorning the district of Pratapgarh in a glistening habiliment of ornate surrealism.
The gargantuan sanctuary spreads across and expanse of 422.95 sq.km, sweeping away a huge area of the developing district. The region experiences extremities of temperature variation, the winter temperatures dropping to 6 to 14 0 C, in summer, the mercury level soaring up to 30 to 45 0C. The vegetation mainly comprises of dry deciduous forests, as the region receives only 756mm of rainfall over an annual term. The trees that particularly dominate the region include Sheesham, Saalar, Dhaak, Dhonk, Kadamb, Mahua and Imli. A number of rivers, namely Jakham, Karmoi, Sitamata, Budhho and Tankiya slither their way through the forest, complimenting the magnificent beauty of the landscape with their rippling exuberance.
The sanctuary manifests a plethora of rich biodiversity that includes trees of high building value, shrubs and herbs having high medicinal value, a variety of species of migratory as well as resident birds and many more. In fact, many more species of medicinal plants are yet to be discovered in the region, and hence it is an alluring destination for many researchers, and even ornithologists, who are attracted to the diverse avifauna of this place.
The highlight of the sanctuary is the vegetarian mammal flying squirrel, which can be best observed gliding from one tree to another during the February- March period, when the trees shed most of their leaves. The sanctuary also plays host to a number of mammalian species that include the Chousingha, leopard, hyena, jackal, fox, jungle cat, porcupine and many more.
The historical essence of the Sita Mata Wildilfe Sanctuary is of great importance in Indian culture as the place is considered to house the Valimiki Ashram- the birthplace of Luv and Kush, the sons of Lord Rama and Mata Sita.
Royal Rajasthan invites you in its sanctum of solace to experience the joy in its tranquil vigour for yourself, to leave momentarily all the hustle in life and to rejoice in the spirit of living.
Sariska Tiger Reserve
Despite the rough and arid conditions prevailing in the state of Rajasthan, it is home to some of the most magnificent and rare flora and fauna. Rajasthan holds in its heart some of the most exotic national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, where the animals and plants rejoice in their natural habitat. Besides providing a scenic beauty that is elegant and wondrous to all, the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries also make our Royal Rajasthan a popular tourist destination.
Spread over a massive area of 866 sq. km, the Sariska Tiger Reserve,in the Alwar district of Rajasthan is an Indian National Park, formerly a hunting reserve,that was granted the status of a tiger reserve in 1978, post its recognition as a wildlife sanctuary in 1955. Regality prevails in the air of Rajasthan, and this is showcased well in the Sariska Tiger Reserve, which is known all over the world for its grand Royal Bengal Tigers who have been successfully relocated, as is clear from their growing population in the reserve.
Apart from nurturing a plethora of flora and fauna, the Sariska Reserve dates back its story to some of the fascinating anecdotes in Indian history. The Kankwadi fort, originally built by the then king Jai Singh II is centred near the heart of the park. It is said that the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb imprisoned his brother Dara Shikoh in the fort, in order to attain the throne, by hook or by crook( which is obvious!). The place is also said to be the retreat of the mighty Pandavas, the sons of King Pandu of Hastinapur, when they were exiled. The Neelkanth temple, the buildings associated with the kings of Alwar, such as the Sariska Palace, a royal hunting lodge of Maharaja Jai Singh.
Coming back again to the point in which we concentrate our discussion, the wildlife and botanical elements of the park, Sariska is home to a variety of exquisite creatures. Starting with the leopard, jungle cat, striped hyena, sambhar, nilgai , chinkara- the list just goes on and on. The diverse vegetation that includes the Dhok tree,Sal,Kadaaya,Ber,Gol,Dhak compliment the fauna pretty well.
The spectacular scenic beauty and the calm and tranquil environment is sure to make anyone fall in love with Sariska!!
Ranthambore Tiger Reserve
India’s pride, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is one of the most famous tiger reserves in the whole of India. Viewed as a pioneer for proffering the issue of the conservation of tigers in the aftermath of a rapid decline in their numbers, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is inundated by tourists throughout the year. Located in the eastern part of Rajasthan in Karauli and Sawai Madhopur districts, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is made up of three parts- the Ranthambore National Park and two sanctuaries viz the Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary and the Keladeo sanctuary.
The Maharajas of Jaipur (in the later part of the 20th century) sported a very royal hobby: hunting. Their idea of a day well spent was the hunting down of a ferocious carnivore, tigers being their favorite. But with the number of tigers falling steeply, they realized that their ‘game’ was in jeopardy. Their desire to preserve the game in these forests, galvanized them to take concrete steps towards the protection of tigers until the launch of Project Tiger in 1973. The main objective behind launching the project Tiger was to put a check on the dramatic decrease in tiger population all over India by identifying the major reasons for the steady fall in their numbers and taking steps to mitigate the same. The effort has had a very positive effect on the tiger population in India.
The Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, famous all over the world for its tigers flaunts an amazingly rich flora and fauna. Much of the landscape is a tropical dry deciduous forest, with ‘Dhok’ tree being the most ubiquitous tree in the reserve. The Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is most famous for its tiger. They can be easily spotted here, cooling themselves off beside a water body or resting under tree shade. Apart from the tiger which lends fame to this place, other animals found here are striped hyenas, common or Hanuman langurs, rhesus macaques, Black aped hare, caracals, blackbuck, jackals and a good population of leopards. Also, a staggering 272 species of birds (recorded thus far) is something this place boasts of.
Today, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve covers an expansive 1334 sq. km. Now if you are a wee bit perplexed as to how to go about covering such a large area, do not worry. Safari rides have been made available to take you on a sometimes smooth and sometimes bumpy ride though the reserve so that you can spot the wandering tigers and soak in the breathtakingly amazing flora and fauna of the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve. So take a deep breath and fill your heart with the enchanting beauty this place offers.
So, the next time you are planning your vacation, make sure you spend it in Rajasthan and once here make sure that the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is somewhere at the top on your ‘To Visit’ list. Get ready to get wowed!
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
The famous Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is now adorned with a new name, the Keoladeo National Park.But its enticing synopsis remains unblemished and glistening. Declared a world heritage site,post its recognition as a protected sanctuary in 1971, the Keoladeo National Park is a sanctum for the birds where they rejoice in their joie de vivre. The rich avifauna of the sanctuary is renowned world over, as one of the most illustrious places hosting one of the largest bird population, common and rare species alike.
Amidst the severe and arid climatic conditions, the park is the only region which has significant vegetation in its vicinity. Spanning over an expanse of 29 sq.km, the reserve acts as a shield to Bharatpur, protecting it against frequent floods. The park is an abode of numerous bird, floral, lizard ,snake, amphibian, turtle and a variety of other species. As already mentioned, the sanctuary is one of the richest zones for all species of migratory birds, its resident birds and also some of the endangered avian species. Every winter, thousands of migratory birds flock the sanctuary, making the place an alluring destination for ornithologists and tourists alike.
The region receives scarce to moderate precipitation and hence, the vegetation of the region mainly comprises of tropical,dry deciduous forests and small shrubs and trees. The trees that particularly dominate the region include Kadam, Jamun, Babul,Kandi,Ber and Kair. The highlight of the park for which it assumes a highfalutin status lies in the facts that it is a staging ground for the migratory waterfowl and also winter habitat for the critically endangered Siberian Crane.
If you are on a visit to this park, you are likely to encounter some of our beautiful avian folks that include Common Teal, Gadwar, Shoveler, Tufted Duck, Cotton Teal,Indian Shag, Ruff, Painted, so on and so forth, the list seeming to stretch upto ad-infinitum.
Moving forth to the mammal count, the park flaunts its mammalian assets with pride. The 27 species of mammals,comprising of the Blue Bull,Feral Cattle, Spotted Dear, Wild Boar, Porcupine, Common White Sambhar and many more, present a luculent picture of biodiversity.
Concluding on a synopsis,the Keoladeo National Park welcomes you to its province with open arms and an experience that will leave an indelible impression in your minds.
Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary
The royal destination of Bikaner; deserts, palaces, Havellis- you can find it all right here! The exotic destination proves its worth as one of the most attractive destinations of Rajasthan. The culture, delicious cuisine and everything about this place is too much to describe in grandiloquent words.
Bikaner- a land exhibiting great diversity in taste as well as tourism. Whatever attracts you- forts, palaces, temples, you can surely find it here. Making the collection of variety and diversity complete, Bikaner proudly presents the Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary. Located at a distance of about 32 kms from Bikaner, the sanctuary was earlier used as a hunting ground by the Maharaja of Bikaner. A large number of species like the wildfowl, deer, antelope, chinkara, blackbuck etc. are found here along with a diverse variety of avifauna. There is a beautiful lake in the sanctuary, which apart from complementing the beauty of the place is used by the animals living here to quench their thirst. The sanctuary has also been selected as a site for the Cheetah Reintroduction project in India.
Desert National Park
A visit to Rajasthan can never be complete without experiencing the magic of the desert. And when you can have the pleasure of desert as well as animal reserve at the same place, the joy simply proliferates. Situated near the town of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, the Desert National Park is spread around a massive area of 3162 sq.kms. The park presents a panoramic view of the desert ecosystem and plays host to a wide variety of flora and fauna. The park is one of the largest in India and flaunts one of the most spectacular characteristics of the Desert Region- sand dunes.
Despite the climatic conditions, the park witnesses a multifariousness of avifauna. It serves as an abode of migratory birds and resident birds of the desert. Eagles, Harriers, Falcons, Buzzards are some of the bird species. The park also houses some fossil records, almost 180 million years old and dinosaur fossil records which date back their origin to a timeframe six million years ago.
Among the animal species, the Blackbuck, desert fox, wild cat, wolf etc are the common types. A particular attraction of the Desert National Park is a bird called the Great Indian Bustard, an endangered species found only in India. Hence, it plays its part well to attract birdwatchers and ornithologists from all over the globe.
The Desert National Park is definitely a treat to the eyes and it is absolutely not unnatural if you are gung-ho about visiting this magnificent epitome of desert ecosystem just after knowing about it.
Kota is not just the educational hub of Rajasthan. It holds in its vicinity a rare treasure of a vibrant wildlife and plant-life. Adorned with beautiful flora and fauna, the Darrah Wildlife sanctuary is another addition to Rajasthan’s spectacular tourist attractions. The sanctuary is a combination of three wildlife sanctuaries- the Darrah Wildlife sanctuary, the Jaswant Sagar Wildlife sanctuary and the Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary is spread over a hilly terrain and flaunts its association with regality in a vivacious manner, as it used to be the hunting grounds for the kings.
The park plays a host to a number of wild animals and birds, some of which are the panther, wolf, sloth bear, chinkara, leopard, spotted deer, wild boar, bears, sambars and antelopes. It is also the abode of a number of reptiles. Trekking and jungle safari are quite popular adventure sports among the tourists.
The Darrah wildlife Sanctuary is surely a great place to be on your trip to Rajasthan.